The swabs that we are used to taking in clinics are not very informative. The maximum that they will show is the presence of inflammatory process. To see serious diseases, it is necessary to do a more complete examination, which is usually carried out only for a fee: it is sowing, blood from the vein, femoflor screen – is a study of the urogenital tract and other gynecological examinations. The number of necessary examinations is appointed by the doctor who observes the patient.
What are the dangerous cysts?
Often, women live with them for a long time and do not suspect anything. There are two types of cysts. A true cyst is a closed cavity lined with an outer layer and filled with liquid or semi-liquid content. A false cyst is the same cavity that lacks epithelial lining.
If a doctor discovers a cyst in a patient (it can be palpable, or visible by ultrasound), the treatment options may vary. If the cyst is very small, then prescribe medication treatment. As for true cysts (they are often benign), firstly, histological analysis is performed, and then surgical methods of treatment are most often used. The danger of any cyst is always that it can develop into a malignant tumor.
What to do with myoma?
When we talk about myoma, the picture is different. In principle, myoma is considered the most benign tumor in the female body. There are many cases where the patient is observed, but no treatment is needed. A woman leads a normal life, gets pregnant, gives birth and everything is fine. In the risk group for cysts and myomas are always those who lead a wrong lifestyle, as well as girls and women who have such cases in their family history. If a mother or grandmother had such problems, it is likely to expect the same from the younger generation. If the patient has an unstable cycle, she likes to sit in the sauna, stays in the sun for a long time, it also puts her in an area of risk – all these things contribute to the growth of tumors.
And the prevention is the same everywhere: we visit a gynecologist once every six months, do not ignore any unusual manifestations, watch the cycle and treat your body with care.
What to do with cervical erosion?
To date, cervical erosion is also one of the main problems in the field of gynecology, with this diagnosis many women face. Cervical erosion can be both congenital and acquired. It often happens that even girls who are not sexually active find erosion. It would seem, where from? It is a variant of pseudoerosion with cervical ectopy of the cervix. There is another type – the true one – is an epithelial defect, and it does not require special treatment. Until the age of 25, no serious measures are taken to eliminate erosion. If there is a treatment, it is exclusively conservative, i.e. medicines. And after 25 – we look at the indications. Previously, erosion was cauterized, the current methods are more gentle. Now, lasers and radio wave technology are used – it does not contribute to the formation of scars on the cervix, does not prevent you from getting pregnant and giving birth in the future. In this matter, medicine does not stand still.
Memo for women over 30 years old:
Once in six months to visit a gynecologist – all without exception. Preventive examination is the key to the fact that dangerous diseases will be detected at an early stage.
If there are myomas, cysts – do an ultrasound once in six months. For the rest – preferably once a year.
Regularly donate blood for oncological markers.
After 35 years, especially those who gave birth, it makes sense to improve the aesthetic appearance of the female genitalia. After giving birth, the uterus often drops, the labia also stop looking like it used to be. Much can be corrected today with the help of laser cosmetology.
After 40 years, every two years you should definitely do a mammography. Those women who have or had cases of cancer in the family should undergo mammography from the age of 25 and be under the control of a gynecologist.