The common cold. What is important to know about it?
September 1, 2021
The vast majority of colds are viral infections of the upper respiratory tract that result in inflammation of the mucous membranes lining this part of the airways. For some of these, this drug is effective: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/avirex.
Common symptoms are rhinorrhea (runny nose), sneezing, and pharyngitis (sore throat).
The viral infection we call a “cold” can often be treated without medication by resting, taking plenty of fluids, and some over-the-counter medications to treat certain symptoms. As yet, there are no drugs that are effective against the causative agents of the common cold.
Smoking, including in the presence of children, “helps” the development of colds because it paralyzes the ciliated cells (ciliated epithelium) that keep the airways clear. Colds can be spread through the hands, not just the air. To prevent the spread of viruses, avoid touching your eyes, mouth and nose with your hands and wash your hands more often when you are sick or in contact with a sick person.
Some other illnesses are similar in symptomology to the common cold, but require immediate medical attention and special medications. If you have a high fever (temperature above 38.0 oC), accompanied by chills and cough with coughing up thick mucus, or if coughing and deep breathing cause sharp pain in the chest, you may have pneumonia. You should see a doctor urgently to establish a diagnosis and begin appropriate treatment.
The safest, best, and cheapest way to treat a cold is to do almost nothing at all and let the illness go away on its own. If necessary, take medications to treat individual symptoms.
Coughing is a necessary evil.
The lungs are constantly self-cleaning to ensure efficient breathing. Normally, mucus lines the walls of the lungs and protects them from foreign particles (smoke, dust, viruses). The cilia of the atomizing epithelium push mucus with adhering particles out of the lungs. Coughing, on the other hand, helps remove unwanted substances from the lungs more quickly.
Coughing is beneficial as long as it removes unwanted substances such as phlegm (mucus) from the airways and lungs. Such a cough is called a productive cough and often occurs with colds, bronchitis, and pneumonia. On the other hand, a dry, detached (non-productive) cough can be irritating and interfere with sleep. Coughing can also be a symptom of a chronic illness like asthma or can be caused by cigarette smoke.
A productive cough is part of the process of recovering from colds and flu. Everything possible must be done to remove unwanted material from the lungs by “releasing” sputum. This is the purpose of an expectorant, which liquefies the secretions so that they are more easily removed by coughing (expectoration). The best expectorant is water, especially in warm liquids such as soup, which liquefies sputum and helps moisten the airways. A moist environment also contributes to this. You should drink plenty of fluids and, if possible, humidify the air in the house with a humidifier or by evaporating water with an evaporator. In the winter, you can simply put a tray of water on the radiator. Old school doctors recommend using enzymes (mesim, panzinorm, festal) for the same purpose, because of the pepsin they contain. Even if this is more or less wrong from the modern scientific point of view, regarding the cough, taking enzymes during a cold is still useful, because it speeds up the recovery of the body, and more precisely the pancreas, which suffers from any cold (so-called reactive pancreatitis).
Non-productive cough, a dry cough that does not expectorate sputum, can be treated with anti-cough medications. Coughs that interfere with your ability to sleep or severely debilitate your body can also be treated with one of these remedies. One-component cough medicines should be used. Rest and plenty of fluids are also recommended when treating a cough.
Codeine, present in many of the cough medicines prescribed by doctors, is not recommended for coughs. Codeine is addictive and may contribute to constipation.
When coughing, if the sputum (mucus) turns greenish, yellow or has a bad smell, if there is a high fever for several days, or if coughing or deep breathing brings sharp pain to the chest or if shortness of breath develops, consult a doctor. Any of these symptoms may indicate pneumonia. If you cough up blood, you need to see a doctor right away.
Fever, Headache, and Muscle Pain A common cold is sometimes accompanied by fever, headache, and muscle pain. These symptoms are best controlled without medication, with rest and fluid intake, or with aspirin or paracetamol.
It is not advisable to give aspirin for fever to a person under 40 years of age: he may have the flu, not the common cold. People who take aspirin for the flu (or chickenpox) are at increased risk of developing Reye’s syndrome. This is a fairly rare but potentially fatal illness, the victims of which, if they survive, are disabled for life.
See your doctor if your body temperature rises above 39.4 oC, or if a fever of over 38 oC lasts more than four days. In these cases, the patient does not seem to have a cold.